Gene Therapy, Biotechnology Solution to Deforestation and Air Pollution

Environmental problems and epidemic diseases can now be solved through gene therapy and biotechnology, experts in India stated. The Advanced Hydrated Photocatalytic Oxidation Cell (AHPCO Cell), a machine devised by West Texas A&M University Professor, Nabarun Ghosh in collaboration with another scientist, can filter polluted air and could destroy Particulate Matter (PM) 2.5 found in air.

PM 2.5 is a toxic chemical in the air that when inhaled excessively (more than 60 microgramme/m3) can cause pulmonary diseases. This toxic chemical, once already in the body, can cause multiple health problems such as infection, digestion problems, and heart attack. With the AHPCO Cell purifier, PM 2.5 and PM10 can be lessened.

 

Traditional coal chulas placed in a busy road in Kolkata on Wednesday morning. Level of pollution increasing day by day in Kolkata. Express Photo by Partha Paul. 07.02.2018.
Traditional coal chulas placed in a busy road in Kolkata on Wednesday morning. Level of pollution increasing day by day in Kolkata. Express Photo by Partha Paul. 07.02.2018.

Meanwhile, Ghosh also discussed the issue of Zika virus, malaria, and dengue. The biology professor mentioned that scientists from the United States have recently discovered wolbachia, a bacteria that infect disease-causing mosquitoes. Wolbachia makes the mosquitoes infertile.

Scientists injected wolbachia into male mosquitoes and when the injected mosquitoes mated with wild females, the resulting eggs were deformed and won’t hatch.

Ghosh is also working on analyzing the percentage of carbon, nitrogen, and sulphur in Triphala, and identifying the cancer causing chemical aith together with other Indian scientists. Additionally, the team is working on bitter gourd against diabetes.

 

See full story in The Indian Express.