Since they first arrived on land, plants have likely been using the same genetic tools to regulate whether they grow bigger or reproduce. The discovery was made using liverwort, one descendant of the first plants to move out of the ancient oceans and onto land.
Looking for ways to enhance rice yield, Indian plant biologists have cracked a novel genetic code that could nearly double the length of a rice grain. As a consequence, the yield per every rice plant would increase, providing the country with yet another option to augment rice productivity.
Genomes of the genus Oryza, including both domesticated and wild species, have been well characterized because of the importance of rice to the global food supply. The wealth of genetic variation in rice varieties has allowed the identification of useful genes for crop breeding by map-based cloning methods. With regard to large-scale farming, in particular, weed control with the use of appropriate herbicides is critical for efficient crop production.
Along the tropical coastline of Okinawa, Japan, farmers raise rows of delectable seaweed and harvest thousands of tons of the crop each year. Unfortunately, scientists predict that pollution and rising ocean temperatures will blunt this impressive yield, forcing farmers to adopt new cultivation techniques. Recently, scientists at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) decoded the genome of the popular brown seaweed ito-mozuku (Nemacystus decipiens), providing data that could someday be critical to local farmers.
The Institute of Big Data under Vintech (a member of Vingroup) yesterday announced the project ‘Building the Database of Genetic Variations of the Vietnamese’. This 5-year project is supposed to formally begin in 2019.
SEOUL, Apr. 19 (Korea Bizwire) — South Korean agricultural authorities have revealed plans to decode the genomes of popular agricultural products including strawberries and bell peppers. Read more