Genomes of the genus Oryza, including both domesticated and wild species, have been well characterized because of the importance of rice to the global food supply. The wealth of genetic variation in rice varieties has allowed the identification of useful genes for crop breeding by map-based cloning methods. With regard to large-scale farming, in particular, weed control with the use of appropriate herbicides is critical for efficient crop production.
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) has set a funding pact with nonprofit organization Crop Trust to conserve and secure the world’s largest rice collection. The agreement guarantees US$ 1.4 million per year for IRRI’s rice genebank in Los Baños, Laguna. The facility, which houses 136,000 varieties of rice, has been called the world’s “largest rice bowl.”
Chinese scientists have found a gene which plays an important role in helping rice, originating in warm southern China, expand to the relatively cold northern regions.
Farmers may no longer have to worry about low yield on the weight of water-related stress, thanks to some stress resistant rice varieties that were just recently developed by Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice). Read more